Modern and Holocene aeolian dust variability from Talos Dome
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TitleModern and Holocene aeolian dust variability from Talos Dome (Northern Victoria Land) to the interior of the Antarctic ice sheetAbstractHigh-elevation sites from the inner part of the East Antarctic plateau sample windborne dust representative of large portions of the Southern hemisphere, and are sensitive to long-range atmospheric transport conditions to polar areas. On the periphery of the ice sheet, conversely, the aeolian transport of particles from high-elevation ice-free areas can locally represent a relatively important additional input of dust to the atmosphere, and the interplay of atmospheric dynamics, dust transport and deposition is strictly related to the regional atmospheric circulation behaviour both at present-day and in the past. The understanding of the spatial extent where local sources can influence the mineral dust budget on the ice sheet is fundamental for understanding the atmospheric dust cycle in Antarctica and for the interpretation of the dust history in marginal glaciological settings.In this work we investigate the spatial variability of dust flux and provenance during modern (pre-industrial) and Holocene times along a transect connecting Talos Dome to the internal sites of the Antarctic plateau and we extend the existing documentation of the isotopic (Sr-Nd) fingerprint of dust-sized sediments from Victoria Land source areas.Dust flux, grain size and isotopic composition show a marked variability between Talos Dome, Mid Point, D4 and Dome C/Vostok, suggesting that local sources play an important role on the periphery of the ice sheet. Microscope observations reveal that background mineral aerosol in the TALDICE core is composed by a mixture of dust, volcanic particles and micrometric-sized fragments of diatoms, these latter representing a small but pervasive component of Antarctic sediments. A set of samples from Victoria Land, mostly consisting of regolith and glacial deposits from high-elevation areas, was collected specially for this work and the isotopic composition of the dust-sized fraction of samples was analyzed. Results reveal a close relationship with the parent lithologies, but direct comparison between source samples and firn/ice core dust is problematical because of the ubiquitous volcanic contribution to the environmental particulate input in the Talos Dome area.The frequency of events potentially suitable for peripheral dust transport to Talos Dome appears relatively high for present-day conditions, according to back trajectories calculations, and the related air flow pattern well-defined from a seasonal and spatial perspective. Also, as expected from palaeo-data, these events appear extremely uncommon for internal sites. â"' 2013 Elsevier Ltd.AcknowledgementsThis work was supported by SYNTHESYS funding (project SE-TAF-212) made available by the European Community under the FP7. The Talos Dome Ice core Project (TALDICE), a joint European programme, is funded by national contributions from Italy, France, Germany, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Main logistic support was provided by PNRA. This is TALDICE publication no. 28. This work is a contribution to PRIN 2009 research project ``Variability and geographic provenance of eolian dust in Antarctica during the late Quaternary: a multi-parametric approach with the use of cutting-edge techniquesÂ" and to HOLOCLIP Project, a joint research project of ESF PolarCLIMATE programme, funded by national contributions from Italy, France, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium and the United Kingdom. In Italy HOLOCLIP is funded by PNRA. This is HOLOCLIP publication no. 14. Many thanks to Dr. Paul Augustinus, School of Geography, Geology and Environmental Science, University of Auckland, New Zealand who very kindly supplied samples from dunes in the Dry Valleys. The authors gratefully acknowledge the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for the provision of the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model used in this publication.
1st AuthorDelmonte, B.AuthorDelmonte, B.Baroni, C.Andersson, P.Narcisi, B.Salvatore, M.Petit, J.Scarchilli, C.Frezzotti, M.Albani, S.Maggi, V.Year2013JournalQuaternary Science ReviewsVolume64Pages76-89DOI10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.11.033URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....a117f3c5f171efd0b9f6f429eKeywordsAeolian dustsAeolian transportAirflow patternsAntarctic plateauAntarcticaAtmospheric circulationAtmospheric dustAtmospheric dynamicsAtmospheric transportBack trajectoriesDust fluxDust transportGlacial depositsGrain sizeHolocenesIce coreIce sheetIsotopic compositionLocal sourceMineral aerosolsMineral dustPolar areasPre-industrialSouthern HemisphereSpatial extentSpatial variabilitySr-Nd isotopes, Atmospheric movementsClimatologyDomesGlaciersIsotopesNeodymiumSedimentologyStrontiumVolcanoes, Dust, atmospheric dynamicsatmospheric transportdusteolian depositeolian processglaciologyHoloceneice coreice free corridorice sheetparticle sizeSouthern Hemisphere, AntarcticaEast AntarcticaTalos DomeVictoria Land, Bacillariophyta, rank1Author KeywordsAntarcticaDustHoloceneIce coresSr-Nd isotopes
TypeArticleCitationDelmonte, B., Baroni, C., Andersson, P., Narcisi, B., Salvatore, M., Petit, J., Scarchilli, C., Frezzotti, M., Albani, S. and Maggi, V. (2013). Modern and Holocene aeolian dust variability from Talos Dome (Northern Victoria Land) to the interior of the Antarctic ice sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews, 64: 76-89
Antarctica NZ (26th Nov 2018). Modern and Holocene aeolian dust variability from Talos Dome . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 20th Oct 2021 14:00, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63467