Sensitivity of the Southern Ocean to enhanced regional Antar
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TitleSensitivity of the Southern Ocean to enhanced regional Antarctic ice sheet meltwater inputAbstractDespite advances in our understanding of the processes driving contemporary sea level rise, the stability of the Antarctic ice sheets and their contribution to sea level under projected future warming remains uncertain due to the influence of strong ice-climate feedbacks. Disentangling these feedbacks is key to reducing uncertainty. Here we present a series of climate system model simulations that explore the potential effects of increased West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) meltwater flux on Southern Ocean dynamics. We project future changes driven by sectors of the WAIS, delivering spatially and temporally variable meltwater flux into the Amundsen, Ross, and Weddell embayments over future centuries. Focusing on the Amundsen Sea sector of the WAIS over the next 200 years, we demonstrate that the enhanced meltwater flux rapidly stratifies surface waters, resulting in a significant decrease in the rate of Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) formation. This triggers rapid pervasive ocean warming (>1Ã‚^circC) at depth due to advection from the original site(s) of meltwater input. The greatest warming is predicted along sectors of the ice sheet that are highly sensitized to ocean forcing, creating a feedback loop that could enhance basal ice shelf melting and grounding line retreat. Given that we do not include the effects of rising CO2 - predicted to further reduce AABW formation - our experiments highlight the urgent need to develop a new generation of fully coupled ice sheet climate models, which include feedback mechanisms such as this, to reduce uncertainty in climate and sea level projections. Ã‚Copyright 2015 The Authors. EarthÅ› Future published by Wiley on behalf of the American Geophysical Union.AcknowledgementsThis work was supported by the Australian Research Council (FT120100004, FL100100195, and FT100100443). This research includes computations using the Linux computational cluster Katana supported by the Faculty of Science, UNSW Australia. The simulations explored here are on the UNSW Data Archive.
1st AuthorFogwill, C.AuthorFogwill, C.Phipps, S.Turney, C.Golledge, N.Year2015JournalEarth's FutureVolume3Number10Pages317-329DOI10.1002/2015EF000306URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....65ea6b118dab47b7dbf6580eaKeywordsrank1Author KeywordsAmundsen SeaAntarctic Bottom WaterMeltwaterSouthern OceanWest Antarctic Ice Sheet
TypeArticleCitationFogwill, C., Phipps, S., Turney, C. and Golledge, N. (2015). Sensitivity of the Southern Ocean to enhanced regional Antarctic ice sheet meltwater input. Earth's Future, 3(10): 317-329
Antarctica NZ (29th Nov 2018). Sensitivity of the Southern Ocean to enhanced regional Antar . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 4th Mar 2021 20:52, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63493