Genome-based comparative analyses of Antarctic and temperate
Details of Research
TitleGenome-based comparative analyses of Antarctic and temperate species of PaenibacillusAbstractAntarctic soils represent a unique environment characterised by extremes of temperature, salinity, elevated UV radiation, low nutrient and low water content. Despite the harshness of this environment, members of 15 bacterial phyla have been identified in soils of the Ross Sea Region (RSR). However, the survival mechanisms and ecological roles of these phyla are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether strains of Paenibacillus darwinianus owe their resilience to substantial genomic changes. For this, genome-based comparative analyses were performed on three P. darwinianus strains, isolated from gamma-irradiated RSR soils, together with nine temperate, soil-dwelling Paenibacillus spp. The genome of each strain was sequenced to over 1,000-fold coverage, then assembled into contigs totalling approximately 3 Mbp per genome. Based on the occurrence of essential, single-copy genes, genome completeness was estimated at approximately 88%. Genome analysis revealed between 3,043-3,091 protein-coding sequences (CDSs), primarily associated with two-component systems, sigma factors, transporters, sporulation and genes induced by cold-shock, oxidative and osmotic stresses. These comparative analyses provide an insight into the metabolic potential of P. darwinianus, revealing potential adaptive mechanisms for survival in Antarctic soils. However, a large proportion of these mechanisms were also identified in temperate Paenibacillus spp., suggesting that these mechanisms are beneficial for growth and survival in a range of soil environments. These analyses have also revealed that the P. darwinianus genomes contain significantly fewer CDSs and have a lower paralogous content. Notwithstanding the incompleteness of the assemblies, the large differences in genome sizes, determined by the number of genes in paralogous clusters and the CDS content, are indicative of genome content scaling. Finally, these sequences are a resource for further investigations into the expression of physiological attributes that enable survival under extreme conditions and selection processes that affect prokaryotic genome evolution. Copyright 2014 PLOS ONE.AcknowledgementsWe thank Antarctica New Zealand for providing logistic support during sample collection.
1st AuthorDsouza, M.AuthorDsouza, M.Taylor, M.Turner, S.Aislabie, J.Year2014JournalPLoS ONEVolume9Number10DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0108009URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....348e1645166f5898cf8f68e62Keywordsrank5
TypeArticleCitationDsouza, M., Taylor, M., Turner, S. and Aislabie, J. (2014). Genome-based comparative analyses of Antarctic and temperate species of Paenibacillus. PLoS ONE, 9(10)
Antarctica NZ (26th Nov 2018). Genome-based comparative analyses of Antarctic and temperate . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 8th Mar 2021 16:28, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63475