Estimating photosynthetic activity in microbial mats in an i
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TitleEstimating photosynthetic activity in microbial mats in an ice-covered Antarctic lake using automated oxygen microelectrode profiling and variable chlorophyll fluorescenceAbstractAn automated oxygen microprofiler measured a positive flux of oxygen from microbial mats in ice-covered Lake Hoare, Antarctica, from noon, at a photon flux of 20 mumol m-2 s-1, through to midnight (less than 2 mumol photons m-2 s-1). Daily average oxygen flux was 200 mumol m-2 h-1; and, whereas it was maximal at noon, when a 10 mm broad concentration peak was observed 5 mm below the mat surface, flux correlated only weakly with irradiance. In contrast, relative electron transfer rate, estimated from variable chlorophyll fluorescence, suggested a linear relationship between photosystem activity and irradiance. This contradiction arose because of the conjunction of photosynthetic production of oxygen deep into these transparent, gelatinous mats (diel oxygen change was observed to 17 mm depth) and oxygen diffusion rates too slow to allow equilibration of oxygen concentration profiles with instantaneous production and consumption of oxygen. To confirm this, we developed a mathematical simulation of oxygen dynamics that included diffusion, photosynthesis, and respiration. The simulation further indicated that (1) net oxygen evolution is light limited is and confined to the upper few millimeters of the mat, (2) below 5-7 mm, respiration balanced photosynthesis, (3) below 17 mm, respiration and photosynthesis approached zero, even though organic carbon and dissolved oxygen were present, and (4) photosynthesis deep into the mat was dependent on high light transmission through the gelatinous matrix. These conclusions are consistent with current understanding of mat growth dynamics and point to approaches for long-term analysis of microbial mat productivity. Copyright 2014, by the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.AcknowledgementsBob Spigel guided development of the diffusion-based simulation, Anne Jungblut assisted with identification of cyanobacteria, and Aslan Wright-Stowe, Robin Ellwood, and staff of the McMurdo Station dive locker were essential to the field work. Logistic support was supplied by Antarctica New Zealand and the U.S. Antarctic Program, and research funding came from the National Science Foundation grant 115245 to the McMurdo Long Term Ecological Research program and grant CO1605 from the NZ Foundation for Research, Science and Technology to the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand. We are grateful for the efforts of the editors and two anonymous reviewers, who greatly improved the manuscript.
1st AuthorHawes, I.AuthorHawes, I.Giles, H.Doran, P.Year2014JournalLimnology and OceanographyVolume59Number3Pages674-688DOI10.4319/lo.2014.59.3.0674URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....a06cb3caeff271cfd6a0e5d76Keywordsrank5
TypeArticleCitationHawes, I., Giles, H. and Doran, P. (2014). Estimating photosynthetic activity in microbial mats in an ice-covered Antarctic lake using automated oxygen microelectrode profiling and variable chlorophyll fluorescence. Limnology and Oceanography, 59(3): 674-688 doi:10.4319/lo.2014.59.3.0674
Antarctica NZ (26th Nov 2018). Estimating photosynthetic activity in microbial mats in an i . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 23rd Jun 2021 17:52, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63543