Past and present dynamics of Skelton Glacier, Transantarctic
Details of Research
TitlePast and present dynamics of Skelton Glacier, Transantarctic MountainsAbstractAny future changes in the volume of Antarctica's ice sheets will depend on the dynamic response of outlet glaciers to shifts in environmental conditions. In the Transantarctic Mountains, this response is probably heavily dependent on the geometry of the system, but few studies have quantified the sensitivity of these glaciers to environmental forcings. Here we investigated the controls, along-flow sensitivity and time-dependent dynamics of Skelton Glacier. Three key outcomes were: i) present-day flow is governed primarily by surface slope, which responds to reduced valley width and large bed undulations, ii) Skelton Glacier is more susceptible to changes in atmospheric temperature than precipitation through its effect on basal sliding near the grounding line, and iii) under conditions representative of Pliocene and Quaternary climates large changes in ice thickness and velocity would have occurred in the lower reaches of the glacier. Based on these new quantitative predictions of the past and present dynamics of Skelton Glacier, we suggest that similar Transantarctic Mountain outlet glaciers could experience greater ice loss in their confined, lower reaches through increased basal sliding and ocean melt under warmer-than-present conditions. These effects are greatest where overdeepenings exist near the grounding line. Copyright Antarctic Science Ltd 2016.AcknowledgementsWe acknowledge financial support for the project from the Antarctic Science Bursary. R.S.J. was supported by a VUW Victoria Doctoral Scholarship and New Zealand Antarctic Research Institute grant. N.R.G. and A.N.M. were supported by the New Zealand Government (MBIE) Past Antarctic Climate and Future Implications programme. We thank D. Braaten for airborne radar data (CReSIS), R.M. McKay, B.C. Storey and S.S.R. Jamieson for critical discussions, and two anonymous reviewers who helped to improve the structure of the manuscript.
1st AuthorJones, R.AuthorJones, R.Golledge, N.Mackintosh, A.Norton, K.Year2016JournalAntarctic ScienceVolume28Number5Pages371-386DOI10.1017/S0954102016000195URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....f0ec5c7c91b8bcd91acc8b33dKeywordsair temperatureenvironmental factorflow velocitygeometryglacier dynamicsgrounding lineice thicknessLast Glacial MaximumPlioceneslope anglesnowmelttime dependent behavior, AntarcticaTransantarctic Mountains, rank3Author Keywordsglacier dynamicsKey words atmospheric temperatureLGMnumerical modellingPlioceneprecipitation
TypeArticleCitationJones, R., Golledge, N., Mackintosh, A. and Norton, K. (2016). Past and present dynamics of Skelton Glacier, Transantarctic Mountains. Antarctic Science, 28(5): 371-386
Antarctica NZ (29th Nov 2018). Past and present dynamics of Skelton Glacier, Transantarctic . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 18th Jan 2021 13:58, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63572