Seasonal sediment fluxes forcing supraglacial melting on the
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TitleSeasonal sediment fluxes forcing supraglacial melting on the Wright Lower Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, AntarcticaAbstractCold-based glaciers exist in low temperature and low humidity environments in which shortwave radiation is the largest source of energy to the glacier surface and the energy budget is very sensitive to the surface albedo. Consequently, the presence of relatively low volumes of debris on glacier surfaces has a significant impact on the timing, magnitude and rate of ablation at the surface. The aim of this study is to understand how the presence of sediment on the glacier surface at the start of the melt season can affect meltwater generation and delivery on a cold-based glacier. A combination of field measurements, energy balance modelling and chemical mixing modelling were used on the Wright Lower Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, between October 2005 and January 2006 to address this aim. In this system, sediment was transported onto the glacier surface during the winter months (March-October) by foehn winds, which reduced surface albedo at the start of the summer melt season. The areas of the glacier on which sediment accumulated began to melt earlier than other parts of the glacier and experienced a longer melt season. Over the study period, the total ablation on the dirty surfaces was nine times greater than for clean ice. Ablation on the dirty surfaces is dominated by melting, whereas sublimation dominates the clean ice. As the sediment was unevenly distributed over the glacier surface, the variation in melt amount and timing drove the development of a cryoconite hole system. ©2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
1st AuthorMacDonell, S.AuthorMacDonell, S.Fitzsimons, S.Molg, T.Year2013JournalHydrological ProcessesVolume27Number22Pages3192-3207DOI10.1002/hyp.9444URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....c6d93195b9f93d92a86ba41deKeywordsCryoconiteField measurementGlacier hydrologyLow temperaturesMcmurdo dry valleysMixing modellingShort-wave radiationSource of energy, AblationEnergy balanceHydrochemistryMeltingSolar radiation, Sediments, albedoenergy balanceenergy budgetfoehnglacial hydrologyglacier dynamicshydrochemistrymeltingmeltwaterseasonal variationsediment transportshortwave radiationsublimation, AntarcticaEast AntarcticaMcMurdo Dry Valleys, rank3Author KeywordsCryoconite holeGlacier energy balanceGlacier hydrologyHydrochemistry
TypeArticleCitationMacDonell, S., Fitzsimons, S. and Molg, T. (2013). Seasonal sediment fluxes forcing supraglacial melting on the Wright Lower Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Hydrological Processes, 27(22): 3192-3207
Antarctica NZ (26th Nov 2018). Seasonal sediment fluxes forcing supraglacial melting on the . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 25th Jan 2021 03:26, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63629