Growth of modern branched columnar stromatolites in Lake Joy
Details of Research
TitleGrowth of modern branched columnar stromatolites in Lake Joyce, AntarcticaAbstractModern decimeter-scale columnar stromatolites from Lake Joyce, Antarctica, show a change in branching pattern during a period of lake level rise. Branching patterns correspond to a change in cyanobacterial community composition as preserved in authigenic calcite crystals. The transition in stromatolite morphology is preserved by mineralized layers that contain microfossils and cylindrical molds of cyanobacterial filaments. The molds are composed of two populations with different diameters. Large diameter molds (>2.8 micron) are abundant in calcite forming the oldest stromatolite layers, but are absent from younger layers. In contrast, <2.3 micron diameter molds are common in all stromatolites layers. Loss of large diameter molds corresponds to the transition from smooth-sided stromatolitic columns to branched and irregular columns. Mold diameters are similar to trichome diameters of the four most abundant living cyanobacteria morphotypes in Lake Joyce: Phormidium autumnale morphotypes have trichome diameters >3.5 micron, whereas Leptolyngbya antarctica, L. fragilis, and Pseudanabaena frigida morphotypes have diameters <2.3 micron. P. autumnale morphotypes were only common in mats at <12 m depth. Mats containing abundant P. autumnale morphotypes were smooth, whereas mats with few P. autumnale morphotypes contained small peaks and protruding bundles of filaments, suggesting that the absence of P. autumnale morphotypes allowed small-scale topography to develop on mats. Comparisons of living filaments and mold diameters suggest that P. autumnale morphotypes were present early in stromatolite growth, but disappeared from the community through time. We hypothesize that the mat-smoothing behavior of P. autumnale morphotypes inhibited nucleation of stromatolite branches. When P. autumnale morphotypes were excluded from the community, potentially reflecting a rise in lake level, short-wavelength roughness provided nuclei for stromatolite branches. This growth history provides a conceptual model for initiation of branched stromatolite growth resulting from a change in microbial community composition. Copyright 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.AcknowledgementsResearch for this study was supported by grants from the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NNZ09AE77A), NASA Astrobiology: Exobiology and Evolutionary Biology (NN13AI60G), the New Zealand Foundation for Research, Science and Technology (C01X0306), and the University of California-Davis Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences Durrell funds. Field support and logistics were provided by the National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs. We thank our collaborators for their field assistance and J. Elliott for analysis of diving video data sets used in this study. This manuscript was significantly improved by conversations with L. Kah and comments from anonymous reviewers.
1st AuthorMackey, T.AuthorMackey, T.Sumner, D.Hawes, I.Jungblut, A.Andersen, D.Year2015JournalGeobiologyVolume13Number4Pages373-390DOI10.1111/gbi.12138URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....25c2d1a6847466dcf1ece0f6bKeywordsauthigenic mineralcalcitecommunity compositioncyanobacteriumfilamentous algafungusmicrobial communitymicrobial matmicrofossilmorphologymorphotypestromatolitewater level, AntarcticaEast AntarcticaLake Joyce, CyanobacteriaLeptolyngbyaLeptolyngbya fragilisPhormidium autumnalePseudanabaena, Antarcticacyanobacteriumgrowth, development and aginglakemicrobiologysediment, Antarctic RegionsCyanobacteriaGeologic SedimentsLakes, rank3ProgrammeK085 - Remote sensing and sampling of atmospheric trace gases and greenhouse gases
TypeArticleCitationMackey, T., Sumner, D., Hawes, I., Jungblut, A. and Andersen, D. (2015). Growth of modern branched columnar stromatolites in Lake Joyce, Antarctica. Geobiology, 13(4): 373-390
Antarctica NZ (29th Nov 2018). Growth of modern branched columnar stromatolites in Lake Joy . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 28th Nov 2020 15:48, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63631