Spatial and temporal variation in the heat tolerance limits
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TitleSpatial and temporal variation in the heat tolerance limits of two abundant Southern Ocean invertebratesAbstractWhile, in lower latitudes, population-level differences in heat tolerance are linked to temperature variability, in the Southern Ocean remarkably stable year-round temperatures prevail. Temporal variation in the physiology of Antarctic ectotherms is therefore thought to be driven by the intense seasonality in primary productivity. Here we tested for differences in the acute upper temperature limits (lethal and activity) of 2 Antarctic marine invertebrates (the omnivorous starfish Odontaster validus and the filter-feeding clam Laternula elliptica) across latitude, seasons and years. Acute thermal responses in the starfish (righting and feeding) and clam (burrowing) differed between populations collected at 77Ã‚^circS (McMurdo Sound) and 67Ã‚^circS (Marguerite Bay). Both species displayed significantly higher temperature performance at 67 deg S, where seawater can reach a maximum of +1.8 deg C in summer versus -0.5 deg C at 77 deg S, showing that even the narrow spatial and temporal variation in environmental temperature in Antarctica is biologically meaningful to these stenothermal invertebrates. Temporal comparisons of heat tolerance also demonstrated seasonal differences in acute upper limits for survival that were consistent with physiological acclimatisation: lethal limits were lower in winter than summer and higher in warm years than cool years. However, clams had greater inter-annual variation of temperature limits than was observed for starfish, suggesting that variation in food availability is also an important factor, particularly for primary consumers. Teasing out the interaction of multiple factors on thermal tolerance will be important for refining species-specific predictions of climate change impacts. Copyright Inter-Research 2012.AcknowledgementsThis study is a contribution to the Retirement Symposium of Roger Hughes, a great scientist and friend. The work was co-funded by the NERC British Antarctic Survey Polar Science for Planet Earth Programme (Ecosystems, Adaptations and Physiology Work Package), the University of Otago Research Committee, Antarctica New Zealand (event no. K-068) and the TransAntarctic Association (TAA05/08). A.E.B. was funded by a Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada postdoctoral fellowship. S.M.M. was self funded. We thank K. Arrigo for provision of Ross Sea primary productivity data. This study forms a contribution to the EBA Latitudinal Gradients Programme.
1st AuthorMorley, S.AuthorMorley, S.Martin, S.Bates, A.Clark, M.Ericson, J.Lamare, M.Peck, L.Year2012JournalMarine Ecology Progress SeriesVolume450Pages81-92DOI10.3354/meps09577URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....d8f9735ef12221626b1704ecaKeywordsabundanceacclimationadaptationclimate changeectothermyfood availabilityheat balanceinvertebratelatitudephysiological responsepopulation structureprimary productionseasonalityseawaterspatiotemporal analysissurvivaltemperature inversiontolerance, AntarcticaSouthern Ocean, AsteroideaBivalviaInvertebrataLaternula ellipticaOdontaster validus, rank5Author KeywordsAcclimatisationAntarcticLaternula ellipticaOdontaster validusSeasonalityTemperature limit
TypeArticleCitationMorley, S., Martin, S., Bates, A., Clark, M., Ericson, J., Lamare, M. and Peck, L. (2012). Spatial and temporal variation in the heat tolerance limits of two abundant Southern Ocean invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 450: 81-92 doi:10.3354/meps09577
Antarctica NZ (26th Nov 2018). Spatial and temporal variation in the heat tolerance limits . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 18th Jan 2021 12:59, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63679