The effects of entombment on water chemistry and bacterial a
Details of Research
TitleThe effects of entombment on water chemistry and bacterial assemblages in closed cryoconite holes on Antarctic glaciersAbstractClosed cryoconite holes (CCHs) are small aquatic ecosystems enclosed in glacier surface ice, and they collectively contribute substantial aquatic habitat to inland Antarctica. We examined the morphology, geochemistry and bacterial diversity of 57 CCHs, spread over seven sites, located on five glaciers, covering a range of latitudes, elevations and distance from open seawater. Isotopes confirmed glacial ice as the initial water source, with water chemistry evolving through freeze concentration and photosynthetic processes to have conductivities ranging from <0.005 to >4 mS cm(-1) and pH from <5 to >11. Nitrate concentrations were more elevated in inland, higher altitude sites. Bacterial communities were characterized by Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis and high-throughput sequencing. The dominant phyla were Cyanobacteria, Bacteroides, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. CCH bacterial communities predominantly grouped by geographic location, suggesting initial wind-borne inocula from local and regional sources play a role in structuring assemblages. However, multivariate multiple regression analysis indicated that internal CCH conditions also influenced community structure, particularly the ion content and pH of the liquid water. This highlights the importance of founder bacterial populations, isolation and water chemistry in the evolution of CCH bacterial communities. Ã‚Copyright FEMS 2015. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: email@example.com.AcknowledgementsThe logistics support and facilities in Antarctica were provided by Antarctica New Zealand. We thank Stephen Russell (Natural History Museum) for his help with the molecular work, and two anonymous reviewers for insightful comments and suggestions, Travis Horton (University of Canterbury) for stable isotope analysis, Louis Ranjard (New Zealand Genomics Limited) for bioinformatics assistance, Javier Atalah (Cawthron) for statistical advice, and Lisa Peacock (Cawthron) for help with Fig. 1.
1st AuthorWebster-Brown, J.AuthorWebster-Brown, J.Hawes, I.Jungblut, A.Wood, S.Christenson, H.Year2015JournalFEMS microbiology ecologyVolume91Number12DOI10.1093/femsec/fiv144URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....8597b6d98ca6c8a07b87e77caKeywordssea water, ActinobacteriaAntarcticabacteriumBacteroidesbiodiversitychemistryclassificationcyanobacteriumecosystemgeographyice coverisolation and purificationmicrobiologyProteobacteria, ActinobacteriaAntarctic RegionsBacteriaBacteroidesBiodiversityCyanobacteriaEcosystemGeographyIce CoverProteobacteriaSeawaterWater Microbiology, rank5Author KeywordsAntarcticabacteriacryoconitecyanobacteriageochemistryisotopes
TypeArticleCitationWebster-Brown, J., Hawes, I., Jungblut, A., Wood, S. and Christenson, H. (2015) The effects of entombment on water chemistry and bacterial assemblages in closed cryoconite holes on Antarctic glaciers. FEMS microbiology ecology, 91(12): 1-14 doi:10.1093/femsec/fiv144
Antarctica NZ (29th Nov 2018). The effects of entombment on water chemistry and bacterial a . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 28th Nov 2020 16:13, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/63807