A reexamination of latitudinal limits of substorm-produced e
Details of Research
TitleA reexamination of latitudinal limits of substorm-produced energetic electron precipitationAbstractThe primary sources of energetic electron precipitation (EEP) which affect altitudes <100 km (>30 keV) are expected to be from the radiation belts and during substorms. EEP from the radiation belts should be restricted to locations between L = 1.5 and 8, while substorm-produced EEP is expected to range from L = 4 to 9.5 during quiet geomagnetic conditions. Therefore, one would not expect any significant D region impact due to electron precipitation at geomagnetic latitudes beyond about L = 10. In this study we report on large unexpectedly high-latitude D region ionization enhancements, detected by an incoherent scatter radar at L â‰ˆ 16, which appear to be caused by electron precipitation from substorms. We go on to reexamine the latitudinal limits of substorm-produced EEP using data from multiple low-Earth orbiting spacecraft, and demonstrate that the precipitation stretches many hundreds of kilometers poleward of the previously suggested limits. We find that a typical substorm will produce significant EEP over the International Geomagnetic Reference Field L shell range L = 4.6 Â± 0.2-14.5 Â± 1.2, peaking at L = 6-7. However, there is significant variability from event to event; in contrast to the median case, the strongest 25% of substorms have significant EEP in the range spanning L = 4.1 Â± 0.1-20.7 Â± 2.2, while the weakest 25% of substorms have significant EEP in the range spanning L = 5.5 Â± 0.1-10.1 Â± 0.7. We also examine the occurrence probability of very large substorms, focusing on those events which appear to be able to disable geostationary satellites when they are located near midnight magnetic local time. On average, these large substorms occur approximately one to six times per year, a significant rate, given the potential impact on satellites. Key Points Unexpectedly high-latitude D region enhancements seen during substorms. A typical substorm will produce significant EEP over the L shell range L = 4.6-15 Satellite-disrupting substorms typically occur one to six times per year. Â©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
1st AuthorCresswell-Moorcock, K. AuthorCresswell-Moorcock, K.Rodger, C.Kero, A.Collier, A.Clilverd, M.Häggström, I.Pitkänen, T.Year2013JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space PhysicsVolume118Number10Pages6694-6705DOI10.1002/jgra.50598URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....a74bed26982c803a2f74c9c0bPublisherBlackwell Publishing LtdAuthor Keywordselectron precipitationlatitudinal limitsPOES observationssubstorms
CitationCresswell-Moorcock, K., Rodger, C., Kero, A., Collier, A., Clilverd, M., HÃ¤ggstrÃ¶m, I. and PitkÃ¤nen, T. (2013). A reexamination of latitudinal limits of substorm-produced energetic electron precipitation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 118(10):6694-6705
Antarctica NZ (26th Nov 2018). A reexamination of latitudinal limits of substorm-produced e . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 6th Jul 2020 20:44, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/64159