Using Captain Scott's Discovery specimens to unlock the past
Details of Research
TitleUsing Captain Scott's Discovery specimens to unlock the past: Has antarctic cyanobacterial diversity changed over the last 100 years?AbstractEvidence of climate-driven environmental change is increasing in Antarctica, and with it comes concern that this will propagate to impacts on biological communities. Recognition and prediction of change needs to incorporate the extent and timescales over which communities vary under extant conditions. However, few observations of Antarctic microbial communities, which dominate inland habitats, allow this. We therefore carried out the first molecular comparison of Cyanobacteria in historic herbarium microbial mats from freshwater ecosystems on Ross Island and the McMurdo Ice Shelf, collected by Captain R.F. Scott's ‘Discovery’ Expedition (1902–1903), with modern samples from those areas. Using 16S rRNA gene surveys, we found that modern and historic cyanobacteria assemblages showed some variation in community structure but were dominated by the same genotypes. Modern communities had a higher richness, including genotypes not found in historic samples, but they had the highest similarity to other cyanobacteria sequences from Antarctica. The results imply slow cyanobacterial 16S rRNA gene genotype turnover and considerable community stability within Antarctic microbial mats. We suggest that this relates to Antarctic freshwater 'organisms requiring a capacity to withstand diverse stresses, and that this could also provide a degree of resistance and resilience to future climatic-driven environmental change in Antarctica. © 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.
1st AuthorJungblut, A. AuthorJungblut, A.Hawes, I.Year2017JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological SciencesVolume284Number1857DOI10.1098/rspb.2017.0833URLhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/recor.....54759cb3278d453f11581d16bPublisherRoyal Society PublishingKeywordsbioclimatologyclimate changeclimate effectcommunity structurecyanobacteriumenvironmental changefreshwater environmentgenegenotypeherbariumhistorical recordmicrobial communitymolecular ecologyspecies diversityspecies richness, AntarcticaEast AntarcticaMcMurdo Ice ShelfRoss Island, Cyanobacteria, RNA 16S, Antarcticabiodiversityclassificationcyanobacteriumecosystemgeneticsphylogeny, Antarctic RegionsBiodiversityCyanobacteriaEcosystemPhylogenyRNA, Ribosomal, 16SAuthor Keywords16S rRNA geneAntarcticaClimatic changeCyanobacteriaFreshwaterHistoric collections
CitationJungblut, A. and Hawes, I. (2017). Using Captain Scott's Discovery specimens to unlock the past: Has antarctic cyanobacterial diversity changed over the last 100 years? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284(1857)
Antarctica NZ (26th Nov 2018). Using Captain Scott's Discovery specimens to unlock the past . In Website Antarctica NZ. Retrieved 5th Dec 2020 04:05, from https://adam.antarcticanz.govt.nz/nodes/view/64299